Want to grow Spring Onions (Allium fistulosum)? If you love tasty, versatile vegetables that only need minimal space and effort, then spring onions are an excellent choice! Even the tiniest plot or pot will accommodate them.

How to Grow Spring Onions

I grow all the flavoursome Alliums (Onion family). This includes garlic, leeks, onions and chives. You can swap them around in recipes and always have an ingredient to add flavour to whatever you’re cooking. If you haven’t grown them before, or are a beginner gardener, just follow the tips in this tutorial and give them a go!

Spring Onions, Shallots and Scallions!

OK – let’s get one thing straight first! If you’re confused about the names of these vegetables, it’s not surprising as they often differ depending on where you live!

Names and varieties include spring onions and shallots (Australia), eschallots, salad onions, Japanese or Welsh bunching onions (these grow in clumps rather than singly), scallions (US), green onions (China) and Egyptian or tree onions (bulbets grow in clusters on top of the stems).

Unless there’s a picture on your seed packet or catalogue, it’s often a case of wait-and-see what grows!!

So to simplify things, some varieties have a small bulb at the end of the stalk and some don’t!


Grow spring onions - Purple and green spring onion bulbs. Photo: www.stockfreeimages.com/

You can eat these mini bulbs just like you would a normal onion. The flavour is not as intense as the much larger true onions (Allium cepa) that can be grown from seed or bulb, and can be stored.


Spring onions (Allium fistulosum) don’t have a bulb. You grow spring onions from seed.  ‘Allium’ means garlic in Latin and ‘fistulosum’ means hollow stemmed.

If buying shallots, choose those with roots on - you can grow new plants by replanting these!

There are also red stemmed ones that are both ornamental and taste wonderful.


Bottom line is you can use the leaves of all spring onion cultivars to flavour your cooking. So, whatever you call them (I’m going to refer to them all as ‘spring onions’ to make life easy), they are a ‘must have’ addition to your kitchen. I simply can’t live without these delicious, handsome looking edibles.



How to Grow Spring Onions

  • Flavour. There are a number of cultivars – from those with a very strong flavour to mild and sweet. You can’t go wrong with your choice – they’re ALL delish!!
  • Space. One of the main reasons I grow these perennial vegetables is because they provide a high yield for the minimal space they need to grow. In the subtropics, they can be planted pretty much all year round. They grow equally well in containers as in the garden. Spring onions grow in a greenhouse in winter and even in water on your kitchen bench!
Spring onions add height and play a leading role as a feature plant with beautiful blue/green foliage in my edible planter.

Tall & skinny, they can be squeezed into all sorts of tight spaces like my Meals on Wheels planter!

  • Height and Depth – Spring onions grow to about 30-50cm (12-20in) singly or in clumps, depending on which variety you grow. They have a very shallow root system so can be grown in even the smallest of pots.
Onion family - up close and personal!

In just one polystyrene box garden, I squeezed in Garlic and Onion Chives, White Onions, Spring Onions & Welsh Bunching Onions! A perfect compact edible plant choice for micro gardens.

  • Grow from Seed. This is dead easy! I save mine from previous crops by waiting until the flower head matures, then chopping it off and leaving in a paper bag until fully dry (about 2 weeks). Then simply shake the seeds into the bag, scoop them out and store in self-seal bags in a cool dry place. If you are buying seed, check my list of seed suppliers. Choose safe certified organic and non-hybrid seeds, so you can save your own seeds in future years and avoid chemically grown food.

Affiliate Links: Your support of this site is appreciated!


  • I sow seeds in home made seed raising mix to save money. Keep moist by misting with water and cover to maintain humidity. They germinate in about 2 weeks.
Spring onion seedlings can be planted in trays or sown direct and thinned out.

Transplant out when they are about 15cm high but you can also buy seedlings and plant out.


  • I prepare the garden soil with a good handful of rock minerals, organic soil conditioner and water in well.

Best Time to Sow Spring Onion Seeds/Plant Seedlings

  • Spring onions are grown for their edible stem. They are best sown during the New Moon or First Quarter phases. (See Moon Gardening to learn how to maximise your harvest by planting in harmony with nature’s rhythms).


Moon Gardening Calendar | The Micro Gardener

I use this simple Moon Calendar to sow at the optimum time of the month. The seeds germinate faster, plants are stronger, healthier & grow more quickly & I achieve higher yields for no extra effort other than planting at the right time.

Buy Now - Moon Calendar


  • Choose a variety to suit your climate. The cold-hardiest spring onion is Red Welsh, (the French call it Ciboule Commune Rouge). Benizone has violet coloured stalks and is also suited to cold areas. Beltsville Bunching will withstand hot and dry conditions more than most.

Affiliate Links: Your support of this site is appreciated!

  • Succession plant spring onions every 3-4 weeks for a continual harvest during the year.
Spring onions succession planted for continuous harvest.

I sow spring onions and other varieties regularly for a continuous harvest all year – they only need minimal room in my garden so I tuck them into narrow spaces like in between these rainbow chard and some herbs.


  • Sow 5mm (1/5in) deep, 5mm apart and about 15cm (6in) apart in rows. Up close and personal!!
  • They take about 8-12 weeks to mature.

How to Sow Spring Onions Seeds


Spring Onion – Likes

  • Well-drained, humus-rich soil. Add compost or worm castings from your worm farm if you have one and ensure the soil is loose and friable.
  • Soil pH 6-7. Add lime if your soil is too acidic or sulphur if too alkaline. [See my DIY potting mix recipe for details].
  • Regular watering, a sunny position and being grown quickly.
  • A liquid fertiliser 2-3 times while growing. To keep the leaves green, I feed mine diluted seaweed, a weak worm juice made from diluting the liquid from my worm farm or a compost ‘tea’.

Affiliate Links: Your support of this site is appreciated!


Spring onions in my winter vegetable patch.

Add a thick layer of mulch to retain moisture


  • Containers or in garden beds – even a small pot will be fine for these guys so long as you keep it moist.

Spring Onion – Dislikes

  • Being planted near peas and beans.
  • Drying out and getting stressed.
  • Competition from weeds.
  • Feeling hungry!

Tips for Growing Spring Onions

Spring onions are incredibly generous and good value if you know what to do with them. Even if you buy them instead of growing spring onions, you can still get more for free. Here’s how:

Regrow spring onions indoors in a glass of water. Snip green leaves as needed!

Cut your bought or home grown spring onions about 3cm (1in) above the root. Use the leaves in cooking and add the stem/roots to a glass with clean water to rehydrate roots. Change water daily & keep in a well lit position such as a windowsill or kitchen bench. Watch green leaves regrow. Snip as needed! Easy as that.

How to Grow Green Onions in Water


  • If you are growing a bulb variety, be aware that snipping the leaves will deprive the bulb of the food it needs to grow to maturity!


Small shallot bulbs.

When bulb varieties start to flop over toward the soil, stop watering so the bulbs can dry out for a week or so before storing.


  • Using a small fork, gently loosen the soil under the plant to harvest the bulbs. Brush off the soil and trim the roots. Hang the bulbs up in bunches until the leaf tops dry out completely. Then snip the leaves off above the bulb and store in a cool, dark and dry spot. This can extend your harvest for months!


Moisture meter with perfect moisture levels between 40-70%

Use a moisture meter to check whether you need to water.

  • Keep picking the outer leaves so new ones grow in the centre.
  • Propagation by Division – If growing a bulb variety, you can divide clumps most easily during winter. Slice off individual plants (including the bulb and root) by using a downward motion with a sharp knife through the clump and loosening them apart. Once separated, trim the top and roots before you transplant.
  • Uses –  I pop them in as a companion plant to deter pests all over my garden. As they are members of the Liliaceae family, you can expect stunning, showy flower heads too which not only brighten up the garden but provide you with free seed!

How to Harvest and Store Spring Onions

  • Start snipping leaves with scissors when they are tall, green and healthy looking.
  • Depending on which variety you grow, they may develop a small white or brown bulb below the green leaves.
  • If it gets too cold where you live, harvest the whole plant and regrow them in a glass of water.
Shallot flower head developing.

If you leave the flowers on the stalks to mature, the seeds will develop and you can then save for planting future crops.

  • Spring onions don’t store for long in the fridge so wrap in plastic. I prefer to harvest as needed straight from the garden.
  • Whilst you can pull up the entire plant, I think this is a wicked waste! If I need a whole plant, I use a sharp knife to cut the spring onion just above the roots leaving about 3cm (1 in) stem in the ground. Then I water in with seaweed and watch it regrow!
  • I snip the outer leaf of alternate plants, which encourages more growth and allows each plant to recover and thicken up at the base.
  • Snip flower stalks off if you want the plant to keep producing leaves. Or allow the edible flowers to grow and harvest them for use in salads, stir fries or as garnishes.


Flowering spring onions & garlic chives make an attractive edible border.

Flowering spring onions & garlic chives make an attractive edible border that can be divided over and over to grow new plants.


  • Sometimes I’ve left my spring onions in the garden so long, they become as large and thick as leeks! They still have the hollow stem so are great for soups and stock. 
  • According to the Seed Savers’ Handbook, spring onions can be obtained by harvesting an early variety of white-bulbed onion at a very immature stage. Seeds will last 1-2 years if stored in a cool, dry place.

Spring Onions – Pests and Diseases

  • When you grow spring onions, thrips are the main pest to watch for. These small sucking insects are active in the warmer months and most common in dry weather.  Check the centre of the plant periodicallyMake sure your plants are moist to avoid potential problems.


Thrip damage to shallots

They cause white, silver or grey blotches on the leaves and the tiny thrips tend to attack new leaves as they emerge.


  • Sow seeds between carrots to deter carrot fly.

Spring Onions Health Benefits

All alliums:

  • help to lower cholesterol;
  • have antibacterial and antifungal qualities;
  • help relieve sinus and chest ailments, asthma and bronchitis;
  • contain an anticoagulant (cycloallin) which helps thin the blood and protect the heart;
  • are high in sulphur so help purify the blood, clear the skin, cleanse the liver and build the immune system.

 Spring Onions Recipes

  • The more mature the plant, the stronger the flavour so if you want a mild onion taste, choose young slender leaves.
  • Taste delicious raw when they are at their most nutritious.
  • Use both the green tops and the white or brown bulb sliced in salads, salsas, omelettes, pancakes, dips, curries, chutney, stir-fries and fish dishes.
Shallots on chopping board. Photo: www.stockfreeimages.com/

Shred the green tops and use as a garnish.

  • Flavour soups, casseroles, rice, noodles, vegetables, pasta, or egg, cheese and Asian dishes.
  • Try these delicious recipes for inspiration or my salsa for something quick and fresh!


Sensational spring onion salsa

Sensational spring onion salsa

5.0 from 4 reviews
Sensational Spring Onion Salsa
This is a family favourite I make – it’s quick, easy to prepare & can be made from fresh ingredients from your garden with herbs you have in season.
Recipe type: Appetiser/Side Dish
Serves: 4
  • 1 cup (about 3 large) tomatoes, chopped
  • 4 spring onions, finely diced (on diagonal for presentation!)
  • 1 small red onion, chopped
  • ¼ cup chopped fresh coriander (or vary with basil, mint or parsley)
  • ¼ tspn rock salt
  • Coarse ground pepper
  • 2 tblspns lime juice (or lemon if you prefer)
  1. In a medium sized bowl, stir together ingredients gently with a spoon to combine.
  2. Set aside in the fridge to chill for about 1 hour to allow the flavours to develop.
  3. Serve on crusty sourdough bread, with corn chips (GMO free!) or as a side dish to accompany curries, Mexican dishes, omelettes or your favourite meal!
  4. Variations: Add 1 chopped avocado, lebanese cucumber, a chilli or feta cubes.
I’d love to hear what you do with this wonderful food plant so please share your ideas, tips and recipes!

Some of the links in this post are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and make a purchase, I will receive a small commission. I only recommend products or services I use personally or believe will add value to my readers. Please read my Disclosure Statement for more details.


Like this article?

Please share! Join my free Newsletter for more exclusive insights, tips and all future articles.

© Copyright Anne Gibson, The Micro Gardener 2016. https://themicrogardener.com. All rights reserved.

4.6/5 - (8 votes)